Justice or Barbarism

By Michael Brune November 21, 2019

Every time I write about social justice, I hear from a few folks: What does this have to do with the Sierra Club? Aren’t we straying from our environmental mission when we oppose the border wall or show up for immigrant rights?

But the struggles to protect the environment and our communities can’t be separated. Remember the rallying cry of the first People’s Climate March? “To change everything, it takes everyone.” When we treat concerns about racial, immigrant, or gender justice as afterthoughts in our quest to explore, enjoy, and protect the planet, we lose a lot of people. But when we acknowledge that these issues are deeply connected, we can build a bigger, more powerful movement.

When it comes to climate change, the connections between social justice and environmental issues are obvious. Confronting the climate crisis demands that we change our society in profound and far-reaching ways. We can’t keep sacrificing people and places to create prosperity for the few. Instead, we have to build a new economy that prioritizes people over profit.

Change is coming, whether we like it or not. What is up to us is whether our response to the climate crisis changes society for the better or for the worse. 

Next November the US will face a turning point. Will we double down on the climate denial and bigotry coming out of the White House? Or will we choose a just transition to a green economy that prioritizes people and health above corporate profits?

We’re at a similar turning point with the climate crisis. Our choice is between climate justice and what Naomi Klein and others have called “climate barbarism.” Will the nations most responsible for the climate crisis close their borders and turn away climate refugees searching for safety? Or will we build a more humane society and weather the storm together?

We’ve already seen climate barbarism gain acceptance in the political margins. Rightwing ideologues on YouTube and Twitter are using the climate crisis to fan the flames of xenophobia, nationalism, and white supremacy, with horrific results. They have inspired mass murderers in El Paso, Texas, and Christchurch, New Zealand. But that’s only the most extreme and visible version of this ideology.

This kind of thinking has found its way into the political mainstream as well. In the late 1990s, anti-immigration activists attempted to take over the Sierra Club’s board. They wanted to “protect” the environment from people immigrating to the US. 

Twenty years later, climate refugees are being demonized by a similar mix of xenophobia and phony environmentalism. Instead of cracking down on the corporations causing climate change, the Trump administration is targeting those forced to leave their homes by violence and climate-driven drought and famine. Climate refugees at the US border have had their children stolen and their rights trampled. Indefensible barbarism has become federal policy.

Today the Sierra Club’s goal isn’t just to end climate change but to achieve climate justice. We support immigrant communities and a path to citizenship for all. We’ve launched litigation with the ACLU to stop Trump’s border wall, standing up for border communities and ecosystems. We’ve organized for the DREAM Act. And we’re working to change corporate trade policies that contribute to forced migration and environmental injustice.

So when bigots invoke “concern for the environment” as a reason to exclude immigrants from our communities — we push back. Because if we don’t push back against their dangerous and hateful ideology, it will only grow.

As more people awaken to the reality of the climate crisis and what it means for their own lives, our challenge will be to offer them hope and a way to create positive change. If we don’t, many will fall into despair and inaction. Or worse, turn to hatred and xenophobia.

We can’t build a wall to keep out climate change. But we can work toward a world where everyone, in every community, can feel safe — with access to family-sustaining jobs, affordable health care, clean air and water, and a stable climate.


Michael Brune is the executive director of the Sierra Club, the largest grassroots environmental organization in the United States. You can email him at michael.brune@sierraclub.org and follow him on Twitter (@bruneski) and Facebook.See more stories by this author

Climate Change Demands Action Now

In Hawaii, thousands of people across the islands went on strike from their schools, workplaces and their regular lives to join the climate fight in their neighborhood. We did it to show the political will for bold action on climate. On Sept. 20, we demonstrated for political leaders at every level of government here that we have their backs when they stand up to the giant, wealthy fossil fuel industry.

We know that it is now or never. Either we push now beyond the boundaries of what is normal and enter us all into a new age of climate solutions, justice and action, or we suffer the consequences of an unwinding climate.

Real climate solutions come in the form of local decisions and actions that directly reduce carbon emissions. For the Youth Climate Strike on Oahu, those real solutions included:

Meatless Mondays in all public schools

This program offers students in public school a vegetarian or vegan meal for breakfast and lunch every Monday. Estimates from the United Nations puts meat consumption at 14.5% of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. If we can cut down on that source of emissions even just one day, we will make a huge contribution to the fight against climate change.

Cleaner energy on Oahu

Bill 25 is a Honolulu City and County bill to give residents lower energy maintenance costs while also encouraging the use of electric vehicles. This bill mandates that new single-family homes be constructed with solar water heaters instead of gas heaters, which will save homeowners money daily and also significantly reduce carbon emissions from residential housing.

Coal-free Hawaii by 2023

We want to see Hawaii’s last coal plant shut down by the end of 2022. The AES coal plant in Honolulu is the dirtiest source of energy in the islands. It produces 180 megawatts of energy and 660 thousand pounds of toxic gas every year. In addition, AES produces toxic coal ash that is dumped near homes in Nanakuli. AES is currently trying to increase their carbon emissions (which exacerbate climate change) and is using the carbon savings at other facilities to justify their increase. This facility should be shut down and all the workers retrained in high-quality jobs in the clean energy industry.

As an island community, we are at the forefront of the climate crisis. Without immediate and sweeping change to tackle this issue right now, Hawaii will definitely undermine the future for all keiki here. A future of worse hurricanes than we’ve ever seen, raging wildfires, and a dead ocean. Why make the keiki pay for the climate disasters caused by the carbon emissions of previous generations? Please do not stick us with that burden.

This reality is not a long time away, but with immediate, urgent action we can still prevent the worst of it. We have all the technological, political and cultural means of easing the climate crisis at this very moment in this state. The only factor left is the will to do it. I and all of my peers are looking to you now to help us manifest the political will to make these changes.

Call your state legislators and tell them you’d like them to support Meatless Mondays. Call your City Council member and tell them you support Bill 25. Call the state Health Department to deny AES an increase in carbon emissions.

When our kids see the news over the next decade about each new climate catastrophe, they will want to know that we did everything we could to stop it. Did we?


Kawika Pegram is the Hawaii state lead for the Youth Climate Strikes; he is a student at Waipahu High School.